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How is diabetes treated?

How is diabetes treated?

The goal of any treatment plan for a person with diabetes is to control blood sugar and prevent health problems or complications. However, every person has unique needs, so you will need a specific care plan for your diabetes.

For more on Type 1 diabetes treatment, go to Type 1 diabetes.

For more and Type 2 diabetes treatment, go to Type 2 diabetes.

For more on gestational diabetes treatment, go to Gestational diabetes.

It takes a team

A team approach to treating your diabetes is recommended, with the most important member being you. After all, you are the one affected by diabetes and caring for it every day.

You may involve family members or close friends. For example, they may help with meal planning and preparation, joining you for walks after dinner, going with you to doctor visits, or just lending a willing ear. You may also want to look for diabetes support groups in your area.

Your diabetes health care team

Now let's talk about who may be on your health care team. The members of your health care team will depend on several factors, including the specialists you may need to help you manage your diabetes and what is available to you in your health care system.

Here are professionals who could make up your diabetes health care team:

  • Primary Care Provider: Your primary care provider is the provider you see for general checkups or when you get sick. Your primary care provider may also be the one who refers you to specialists or other team members. Other health care providers who provide primary care include nurse practitioners and physician assistants, who typically work with a physician.
  • Endocrinologist: A doctor with special training in hormone diseases, such as diabetes. You may not need an endocrinologist if your primary care provider has training in diabetes. Ask your primary care provider if you need to see an endocrinologist.
  • Diabetes Nurse Educator: A nurse with special training and background in caring for and teaching people with diabetes. Nurse educators often help you learn day-to-day diabetes self-care behaviors, such as making changes in your health habits, using diabetes medicines safely, and checking your blood sugar.